Measles is an extremely contagious disease, transmitted by coughing and sneezing. The virus can be transmitted by air or by touch even 2 hours after an infected person coughs or sneezes.
It is imperative that parents know how to quickly identify measles and understand the best way to protect their children from infection.
The most common symptoms of measles:
– High fever (39 – 40 °)
– Conjunctivitis, tears
– Runny nose
– Laryngitis, otitis
– Red eyes
– Small white spots around the mouth
– Red spots, rashes
Unfortunately, there are no really effective drugs against this virus. However, antibiotic treatment can be prescribed, especially in the event of secondary infections. It is right to :
– Treat fever
– Hydrate the child by making him drink regularly
– Let it rest in a soft room
For the rest, we will mainly use treatments to relieve symptoms:
– Ibuprofen or paracetamol to fight against fever
– Drops against nasal and eye infections
– Cough syrup
– Vitamin A is sometimes prescribed for children in developing countries or with weakened immune systems.
Until the patient has fully recovered, it is always advisable to:
– Hydrate the child well
– Avoid exposure to the sun
– Put it to rest and isolate it
How to prevent measles?
The best way to prevent measles is to get vaccinated. Talk to your doctor to find out about the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine. The first dose is normally given at the age of 1 year, then between 4 and 6 years of age, and again during adulthood. You should talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of the measles vaccine.
However, you should wash your hands with soap often, taking extra care when you are around people who cough and sneeze.
If your child has a fever, keep him away from the rest of the family and try to clean the areas he touches with an antibacterial agent.
If you suspect you are infected, follow these tips:
– Consult your doctor immediately to see if you are immunized against measles according to your vaccination record, your age or your laboratory results.
– If you are not protected against measles, the measles vaccine or a drug called immunoglobulin can help reduce your risk of developing measles.
Your doctor can advise and monitor you for signs and symptoms of measles.
– If you are not receiving medication, you must stay away from sensitive people (children, the elderly, the sick, etc.) until your doctor gives you the green light.