A mild case of paronychia is actually easy to treat. For example, it can be treated with a few simple natural remedies. Sometimes doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat chronic paronychia.
There are two main types of paronychia. Here is the difference between the two:
1- Acute paronychia:
This kind of paronychia grows very quickly, usually within a few hours. Most of the time, acute paronychia affects only one finger or toe, usually due to trauma to the area around the nail. It is unlikely that pus will be seen.
2- Chronic paronychia:
This type of paronychia develops very slowly. At first, it can affect only one finger or toe, but it is often likely to spread to others. Chronic paronychia tends to persist for many weeks. This type of paronychia is more common in people whose hands or feet are always wet or in contact with water.
Causes of paronychia:
Different microorganisms can be involved in the onset of paronychia. In the case of acute paronychia, a bacterial infection is a very common cause. In the event of an injury around the nails, bacteria may invade the area and multiply, leading to infection.
In the case of chronic paronychia, the most common cause is a candida infection. However, this infection can multiply uncontrollably. Since candida prefers humidity, individuals whose hands or feet are constantly in contact with water are at greater risk.
Symptoms of paronychia:
Acute paronychia and chronic paronychia share the same symptoms, but the onset and duration of these symptoms vary. Redness and swelling are the most common symptoms. On the other hand, pus and abscesses can develop. The skin around the nail tends to lift. It is very possible that the nail will eventually come off, especially if the infection is severe.
A complication of paronychia, acute or chronic, is that the infection can spread to other parts of the body. When this happens, fever, chills, and muscle and joint pain can also occur.
How to treat paronyshia?
Mild acute paronychia can be treated at home. For example, the affected area can be soaked in a moderately aqueous solution several times a day to kill bacteria, relieve swelling and get rid of pus. Antibacterial ointment can also be applied. Sometimes you may even be prescribed antibiotics.
Chronic paronychia is more difficult to treat than acute paronychia. Generally, doctors prescribe medications that can help control the infection. It is important to treat chronic paronychia properly so as not to worsen the situation, which can sometimes require surgery.