The degree of sun or shade that the plant requires will depend on the variety of bamboo that you have chosen so find out beforehand to choose the variety that best fits your area and the chosen location in your garden . Similarly, the resistance to frost of bamboos varies from one species to another. You should always check these factors for any particular species that interests you.
Nevertheless, there are common characteristics regarding the growing conditions of bamboo.
First of all, it should be noted that bamboos are very robust plants once they are well established and tolerate some negligence. Indeed, when space is a problem, their growth can be controlled if they are moderately fed after planting.
With regard to this fact, bamboos can be planted in many different soil types.
While they need abundant watering during the growing season, bamboos do not generally tolerate poorly drained soils. For example, in heavy soils, it is important to incorporate gravel, sand or other materials to open the soil to prevent waterlogging.
When planting bamboo, you will need to consider the potential diameter of the plant and the space available for its natural growth to not interfere with existing features, such as paths or fence boundaries.
You will also need to decide if you want to install some sort of barrier to restrict the spread of the plant. This will be necessary in most allotment gardens for many species.
Barriers for bamboo roots designed for this purpose can be installed. These are usually available at bamboo retailers. But it is also possible to use other impenetrable materials, such as paver cutouts or rigid plastics, arranged vertically around the edge of the planting hole. These should be placed so that at least 75 cm of the material is above the ground.
Garden Bamboo A simpler way to ensure that you can keep your plant under control is to surround it with a shallow trench. Bamboos are not deeply rooted and their rhizomes extend outward just below the surface of the soil. If you surround the plant with a trench 22 to 30 cm deep, you can simply eradicate the rhizomes that extend when they enter the trench.
A farmer I have heard of fills the trench with sand and covers it with a light mulch, so that it is invisible. He simply inspects the trench at the end of each growing season and treats the seepage.
It is best to plant your bamboo in the spring, so that it has a long growing season to settle and root.
You will notice that most of the bamboos you buy in the nurseries are quite heavy. You might even need to cut the pot with a knife. For this reason, you should give a breath of air to the roots before planting, ideally immerse it in water for at least twenty minutes, so that water can seep directly into the inside of the ball of root.
Dig a hole twice the width of the root ball and one and a half times the depth (I know this is not always possible, but do your best). Add drainage equipment if necessary and, if you want your plant to grow well, add manure, humus and organic fertilizer to the bottom of the planting hole and mix this with the padding.
In dry areas, the plant can be placed in a small depression. In areas of high rainfall, the plant may be slightly sown.
Once planted, add water to the hole and mulch with compost, manure or potting soil.
How to maintain bamboo?
The maintenance of bamboo is not particularly difficult, which is another great reason to use these beautiful plants.
– Food and watering:
For the first two years, make sure your plant is well watered. What is essential.
Bamboos can be succulent young plants, but they can also thrive with a decent spring diet with an all-purpose organic fertilizer. Essentially, the more you feed your bamboo, the faster it will grow. That’s why you can limit its growth by limiting its nutrient intake.
Be aware that bamboos are salt intolerant and can therefore respond badly to algae-based fertilizers.
Make sure the area around your plant is always well mulched. This maintains moisture and maintains a uniform temperature around the plant’s roots.
You will notice that the plant builds its own mulch of leaves but the plant will also appreciate if you add to it organic mulches, such as bark and wood shavings.
How to cut bamboo?
The best way to keep your plant strong and healthy is to prune it to remove weak, damaged or old damaged parts. Old bamboos can be identified by a dull color. Cut these old stems at their base. This has the effect of opening the plant, which increases the air and light in the center, which helps maintain the overall health of the plant.
You can also ease the congestion of your mature plants by eluting some secondary branches that emerge from the nodes of the stem.
If you have stems that bend significantly, you can sometimes refine them by eluting some top knots and / or eluting the main branches near the top of the stem on the side to which it is leaning.