You will no doubt have noticed that bananas found in commerce and grown specifically for consumption do not have seeds. Over time, bananas have been modified to have three sets of genes instead of two (triploids) and they no longer produce seeds. In nature, however, there are many types of bananas with seeds.
In fact, some seeds are so large that it is difficult to reach the pulp.
That said, can we still grow bananas from seeds, this is the question that many people ask themselves.
As mentioned above, the banana you eat for breakfast has been genetically manipulated for not having seeds and the bananas that are eaten are usually Cavendish bananas. However there are of course many other varieties of bananas that contain seeds and you will have to find one if you want to get your banana from a seed. Cavendish bananas are propagated from pieces of rhizome that form miniature banana plants that can then be separated from the parent and planted to become a separate plant.
However, in the wild, banana propagates well through seeds, so of course it is quite possible. The best is to get seeds directly from the internet for example.
If you want to grow cultivated banana plants, be aware that the resulting fruit will not be like the ones you buy from grocers. They will contain seeds and, depending on the variety, these seeds may be so large that the fruit will be hard to reach. That said, from what I’ve read, many people say that the flavor of wild bananas is far superior to the version you can find in your grocery stores.
To start sprouting banana seeds, soak the seeds in warm water for 24 to 48 hours to break the seed dormancy. This softens the protection of the seed, which allows the embryo to germinate more easily and quickly.
Prepare an outdoor bed in a sunny area or use a seed box or other container and fill a potted soil rich in organic compost with 60% sand content and 40% organic matter. Sow the banana seeds less than 1 cm deep and backfill with compost.
Water the seeds until the soil is moist, not soaked, and maintain its wet conditions throughout until bananas are obtained from seeds.
When germinating banana seeds, even for sturdy bananas, keep the temperature at least 15 ° C.
However, it should be noted that different banana varieties react differently to temperature flows. Some varieties of seeds react well with 19 hours of cooling and 5 hours of hot weather. The use of a heated propagator and its use during the day and night can be the easiest way to monitor temperature fluctuations.
The moment a banana seed sprouts, again, depends on the variety.
Finally, keep in mind that even if some seeds germinate in just 2 to 3 weeks, other varieties may need 2 months or more before you start to sprout, so be patient when you want to grow bananas from of seeds, the task can be tough.