Grow chillies in your garden

Chili is now grown almost everywhere in the world. Discovered in South America during pre-Columbian times, it was introduced in Europe in the 16th century.
There are thousands of varieties, sizes, shapes and colors from different corners of the planet, including some French varieties (‘Cayenne’, ‘Bresse’, ‘Espelette’). Note that pepper is a variety of the species Capsicum annuum large size. The peppers are also classified according to their strength, from “sweet” to “hot”.
1- Culture conditions:
The pepper loves the heat. It is therefore essential to install the plants in a sunny place.
The plant, in order to produce beautiful fruits, needs a rich soil, preferably consisting of a soil supplemented with well ripe compost. Fertilization at planting and throughout the crop is recommended to increase the number and quality of peppers. The most common uses are potassic and phosphate fertilizers such as bone meal or wood ash.
2- Sowing and planting:
The sowing of the pepper is very easy. It is usually sheltered, either on layer (under frame), or at home, in small scoops, from February to March. The ideal temperature for germination is 25 ° C. The emergence takes place after about ten days. As soon as two real leaves appear, transplant into a pot or box. In April-June, when nocturnal frosts are no longer to be feared, transplant the plants to their final location, in the open ground, with good exposure. Space them 50 cm and incorporate at the bottom of the hole well-ripe compost possibly added bone powder and ash.
In privileged regions, it is possible to sow directly in the ground in April-May.
You can also buy garden plants small pots, culture is easier and harvest faster! The pepper is grown very well in pots, placed on the balcony or even a window sill.
3- Care instructions
Chilli needs regular watering to grow and grow properly, especially in the summer.
In hot, dry weather, the leaves of the pepper can be attacked by red spiders, which weave their webs, causing gray spots and their drying. Aphids also attack foliage, buds and stems. It is then necessary to cut the affected parts and to burn them. The spraying of water with black soap or nettle manure also helps to eliminate these pests.
More rarely, in mild and rainy weather, pepper is subject to anthracnose, a pepper disease, which causes lesions on fruits. In this case, it is essential to tear the plants and burn them because there is no cure.
4- Harvesting and conservation
Harvesting occurs 5 to 6 months after sowing and until frost. The fruits are picked at maturity. Even greens, once harvested, they continue to ripen and color. To preserve them, it is customary to dry them in the sun and then hang them in a dry and sheltered place, gathered in boots.

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